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NHRC Achievements

The achievements of the National Human Rights Committee at the regional and international levels :

  • Accredited “A Status” by International Coordinating Committee of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (ICC) for five years in 2011.
  • The National Human Rights Committee represented by the chairman chairs The Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions (APF) in 2013 and until 2015
  • The Committee also holds the presidency of the Arab Network for Human Rights Institutions until the year 2013 .

ratification

Date of submission of relating National reports

Amendments in National legislations

Reservations

Human Rights Conventions and agreements

Ratification by Qatar

The government report
has been reviewed in February 2012 by the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

Issuance of the permanent constitution of the State of Qatar in 2004 which provides that all citizens shall be equal in terms of public rights and duties

General reservation on any interpretation of the convention’s provisions that contradicts the principles of Islamic law and religion

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965)

 

Abbreviation: CERD / Race Discrimination Convention

24/7/76

Issuance of the permanent constitution of the State of Qatar in 2004

General reservation on any interpretation of the convention’s provisions that contradicts the principles of Islamic law and religion

Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid, 1973

19/3/76

Issuance of the permanent constitution of the State of Qatar in 2004

No reservations

International Convention against apartheid in sports, 1985

Decree law No. (8) of 1988

– Equality among citizens in public rights and duties

– equality before the law for all people without discrimination on the grounds of  sex, ethnic origin, language or religion.
– Equal political rights (voting and election) .
– Labor Law No. 14 of 2004, which provided that a workingwoman shall be granted a wage equal to that of the man when doing the same work and

shall have the same opportunity for training and promotion

– Social Security Act No. 38 of 1995
– Family Law No. 22 of 2006, which defines 16 years as the minimum age for marriage for girls (18 years for boys)
– Law No. (7) of 2007 on housing which grants allowance for the employed wife in case the husband is entitled of governmental housing
– Law No. (5) of the year 2007 on the passports requirement for the consent of the

husband to issue a passport to his wife, but this was restricted to the agreement of the parents to issue passports to minor children as well as under legitimate persons and

persons lacking legitimacy.
– The Law No. (19) for the year 2008 has identified the equality of the deceased diyya

(blood money) for false murder in terms of the value of the diyya. The former past

practice of this law considered the value of women’s diyya as half of the man

1. Article 2 (a) in connection with the rules of the hereditary transmission of authority, as it is inconsistent with the provisions of article 8 of the Constitution.
2. Article 9, paragraph 2, as it is inconsistent with Qatar’s law on citizenship.
3. Article 15, paragraph 1, in connection with matters of inheritance and testimony, as it is inconsistent with the provisions of Islamic law.
4. Article 15, paragraph 4, as it is inconsistent with the provisions of family law and established practice.
5. Article 16, paragraph 1 (a) and (c), as they are inconsistent with the provisions of Islamic law.

6. Article 16, paragraph 1 (f), as it is inconsistent with the provisions of Islamic law and family law. The State of Qatar declares that all of its relevant national legislation is conducive to the interest of promoting social solidarity.
7. In accordance with article 29, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the State of Qatar declares, under the terms of that text, that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph 1 of that article.

Declaration:
1. The Government of the State of Qatar accepts the text of article 1 of the Convention provided that, in accordance with the provisions of Islamic law and Qatari legislation, the phrase “irrespective of their marital status” is not intended to encourage family relationships outside legitimate marriage. It reserves the right to implement the Convention in accordance with this understanding.
2. The State of Qatar declares that the question of the modification of “patterns” referred to in article 5 (a) must not be understood as encouraging women to abandon their role as mothers and their role in child-rearing, thereby undermining the structure of the family.

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), 1979

Decree law No. (28) of 2009

The Supreme Council for Family Affairs finished drafting Child Rights Act in 2013 and it was submitted to the Council of Ministers

A general reservation concerning any of its provisions that are inconsistent with the Islamic sharia; Whereas the Council of Ministers decided at its fourth ordinary meeting of 2009, held on 28 January 2009, to approve the partial withdrawal by the State of Qatar of its general reservation, which shall continue to apply in respect of the provisions of articles 2 and 14 of the Convention.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), 1989

Decree law No. (54) of 1995

Anti-trafficking law No. 15 for the year 2011

No reservations

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, May 2000 

Decree law No. (15) of 2003

No reservations

Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 2000

Ratification instrument 25/7/2002

Act No. 22 of 2005 prohibiting the recruitment, employment, training and involvement of children in camel racing

No reservations

Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor, No. (182) of 1999

Decree law No. (29) of 2001

The Labor Code of 2004 sets 14 as the minimum age of employment

No reservations

ILO Convention No. 138 on the minimum age for admission to employment and work, No. (138) of 1973

Ratification instrument 7/12/2005

The government report
has been reviewed in February 2012.

– A general reservation concerning any of its provisions that are inconsistent with the Islamic sharia; — Reservation to the mandate of the Committee against Torture as stipulated in Articles 21 and 22 of the Convention.

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984

Decree law No. (27) of 2001

Labor Law No. 14 of 2004, which provided that a workingwoman shall be granted a wage equal to that of the man when doing the same work and

shall have the same opportunity for training and promotion

No reservations

Convention concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation, 1958

Ratification instrument 6/6/1976

Penal Code No. (11) of 2004 and the Labor Law No. (14) of 2004, which imposes penalties for forced labor activities

No reservations

Convention Concerning Forced or Compulsory Labor, 1930 (No.29)

Decree law No. (26) of 2003

Penal Code No. (11) of 2004 and the Labor Law No. (14) of 2004, which imposes penalties for forced labor activities

No reservations

Abolition of Forced Labor Convention, 1957 (No. 105)

 

Decree law No. (14) of 2007

The Supreme Council for Family Affairs finished drafting amendments of some provisions of Law No. (2) for the year 2004 to fully comply with the convention and it was submitted to the Council of Ministers

No reservations

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2006

 

Ratification instrument 28/4/2008

Issuance of the Emiri Decree No (75) for the year 2011 to establish Administrative Control Authority and transparency

Reservation on the provisions of paragraph  2 of article 66 of the Convention, concerning arbitration and referring the dispute to the International Court of Justice, under the name of the State of Qatar.

The United Nations Convention against Corruption, 2003

Decree law No. (17) of 2007

Law No. (4) of Year 2010 on. Combating Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing

No reservations

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000

Decree law No. (10) of 2009

– Anti-trafficking law No. 15 for the year 2011

– Human Organs Transplants Law no. (21) for the year 1997

No reservations

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, supplementing the
United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000

Decree law No. (10) of 2009

No reservations

Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972

Decree law No. (21) of 1985

Law No. 7 of 2002 on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights

No reservations

The Arab Convention on the protection of copyright, 1981

Decree law No. (50) of 1986

The government report
has been reviewed in February 2012.

No reservations

Arab Charter on Human Rights, 2004

 

Ratification instrument 17/11/2008

No reservations

UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, 2005

Decree law No. (27) of 2009